ترجمه خلاصه مقالات به زبان انگلیسی
Divine Vicegerency and Mahdavi Imamat
Ali Rabbani Golpaygani
ne of the most significant characteristics of human is that he is chosen by the Almighty God to reach the final perfection to be God’s vicegerent. Human beings by taking benefits from the intellect are prior to those created without intellect and with taking benefits from their position as God’s vicegerents are above all created even those with the intellect. The reason for having such a high level position is because the human beings can carry the knowledge of all Names and Attributes of God.
This outstanding degree has different levels and standards and its highest level is dedicated to the chosen human beings. These chosen people are the prophetsp.b.u.t. and their vicegerents who are the manifestations of God’s attributes of Beauty and Glory and are the perfect patterns for people in their way to the Lord.
The final goal for the creation of this universe is the very existence of this perfect human and God’s vicegerent. Therefore, it is necessary and inevitable, its example after Imam Hasan Al-Askaria.s. cannot be anyone except the Imam of the Agea.s.. Hence, the necessity of God’s vicegerency on the earth is the firm proof for the existence and Imamat of the Imam of the Agea.s..
Keywords: God’s Vicegerency, Human beings’ leadership, The Knowledge of All Names, Divine Prophetsp.b.u.t., Prophets’ Vicegerents, the Imamat of the Imam of the Agea.s.
A Study on Mahdavi Functions in Razavi Thought
Rohollah Shakeri Zavardehi
n nowadays world, the discussion about functions or domain in religion has an increasing and very big growth. Despite the pessimistic approach of some like Feoud and Jean Paul Sartre, a large number of religion researchers have a new approach namely “Functional Approach” toward religion. These people emphasize on the functional approach in religion, and do not see the religion to be responsible for a mere individual relation or worship. They believe that religion effects and appears in all aspects of human’s life such as training, ethics, governmental-social issues, cognitive issues and so on. This issue is so clear and visible in all Islamic teachings. Because the value of its teachings can be seen in the mirror of its benefits and functions. This fact is very noticeable about the subjects on the “Last Days” and human’s future namely the subject on the “Promised One” in religions and in particular “Mahdaviyat” in Islam. One can deduce these functions in different ways from important and authentic sources on Mahdaviyat. The writer in this article does not attempt to look over all aspects of this topic completely. The aim of this research is to look over and discuss only those which are the most important with the emphasis on the thoughts of the Knowledgeable Imam of the Household of the Prophetp.b.u.h- his Excellency Imam Rezaa.s.. Based on this, we have tried to point out some of the important functions like cognitive, training-social, political, managerial and historical functions. Of course all of them will not have the same value in our research. Some of these functions have introductory values but some have the special and fundamental values. The important result of these functions in general, will cause the appearance of the truth and overcoming the vain in the globe.
Keywords: Believing in Mahdaviyat, Functions, The Appearance of the truth, Razavi Thought
The Term “Mahdi” and Its Position in the Holy Book
and Sunnah from the Viewpoint of Western Islamicists
uslim scholars always have paid attention to the significant subject on the Promised Mahdia.s. . Parallel with the efforts done by the Islamic scholars to identify Mahdavi teachings, Western Islamicists have not ignored this topic and have given their opinions about it. But most of these opinions have turned away from the real truth of Mahdaviyat whether intentionally or not. This matter needs the double endeavors of the defenders of the secret field of Imamat in answering to the doubts in this regard. The mentioned article has tried to investigate and criticize some of the Western Islamicists views which are given in the main encyclopedias to clarify the doubts and correct their mistakes in the Mahdaviyat subject. The main reason for choosing these encyclopedias can be known in their scientific fame and the vast referring of the researchers to their articles. Because of this, we have investigated Western Islamicists viewpoint on the term “Mahdi” and also the position of the term in the Holy Book and Sunnah with selecting six items from four encyclopedias.
Keywords: Mahdi, Mahdaviyat, The Holy Book and Sunnah, Western encyclopedias, Western Islamicists
An Argumentative Analysis for Paving-the-ground Awakening
by Relying on Razavi Thought
ay to day increasing development and deepening of general Awakening is a phenomena which in addition to its external appearance, has adaption to the human growth and evolution theory in the extend of time. Based on the writer’s analysis, this Awakening means the increase in understanding and the people of the world being fed up with present oppression and thus it becomes a great element for paving the ground for awakening. In Razavi thought, the secret of this awakening and frustration can be followed in two evil elements, first the servitude and second the exile of values and moralities. The servitude itself has two individual and social dimensions that in the individual dimension, the Satan and the Self will take the individual toward the servitude and in social dimension, the false god and the dictatorship governments will take the society toward the servitude. The exile of values and moralities has two aspects, first is the harassment of the freedom seekers of the world and just oppression fighters and second is the departure of justice as the symbol, juice and the source of values and other moralities. And all these will cause the Awakening for the necessary values and norms. In the writer’s belief, the slash of these two elements namely the servitude and the exile of values and moralities has fried and hurt the back of humanity. Today the symbol of this hard awakening slash is the revolutions and demonstrations in the area and around. This itself is a new season of unveiling the understanding and wisdom of the humanity and is a seed of Awakening which its sweet fruit will pave the final ground for the Appearance of the Promised.
Keywords: Mahdaviyat, the Awakening, Paving the ground, the Servitude, the Exile of values and moralities, Imam Rezaa.s.
“Allegiance” the Mechanism for People’s Political Participation
in Mahdavi Government
he high ideal goal for establishing the vast human society and family will reach to its truth in the global government of the Promised Mahdia.s. . Thus, the old wishes of all prophetsp.b.u.t. , imamsa.s. , Nobles and Friends of human will come true.
People in a political Islamic government are the base principle of the government after the law and leadership and opposite to dictatorial governments are counted the main political source and have an important role in this field, and make comment on the main political issues and are not ignorant to their affairs. Accepting, taking the orders, supporting and protecting are the most important examples in people’s share and role in different dimensions of the government.
With the emphasis of Islam on the liberty and the freedom of choice, the role of people in establishing Mahdavi government appears in the form of special mechanisms.
People’s acceptability element in Islamic government will come into action in the form of “Allegiance Mechanism”. Although paying allegiance is different from giving votes, like the voting, will pave the way for establishing a practical government. Paying allegiance has its own functions in the following areas like in: declaring the readiness, paving the way for bringing the orders into action, making enough motives to encourage and keeping the duties, bringing into action all aspects of the Welayat, and finally emphasizing on the loyalty, devotion, providing equipments and power of execution.
Keywords: His Excellency Mahdia.s., Paying Allegiance, Participation, Lawfulness, Acceptability, The Government of the Promised Mahdia.s.
A Research on the Identity and Life of
the Mother of the Imam of the Agea.s.
Mohammad Shahbaziyan, Nematollah Safari Foroshani
his article has been written with the goal of a complete and new research on the narrations about the life of the Mother of the Imam of the Agea.s..After investigating the narrations available in Shai’a and Sunnah authentic sources, and gathering all the historical reports and narrations whether the weak or strong ones, the results of the studies shows that she was of a high merits and spiritual qualifications servant and was the most beloved servant in the house of the Lady Hakimeh Khatoon- the daughter of Imam Javada.s.- and was under direct religious trainings. Also it can be deduced from the sources that the Lady had a special role in defending and protecting the Imam of the Agea.s. and she was alive after the martyrdom of Imam Hasan Al-Askari and lived for more than thirty years.
In this article we have not focused on the authenticity of the narrations and have just concentrated on the narrations whether they were opposite the facts in order to find out the chosen view.
Keywords: Narjes, Hakimeh, Saghil, the Mother of the Imam of the Agea.s.
A Research on the Knowledge about the Appearance Time
his article pays attention to the knowledge of human about the Appearance Time specially the knowledge of Infalliblesa.s. and in particular the knowledge of the Imam of the Agea.s. about it which is one of the most important subjects on Mahdaviyat. In this writing, at first the discussion starts with defining the keywords and then works on the vast knowledge of Infalliblesa.s.about it and its domain and range. In the continuation, with providing reasons we will show the dedication of two attributes- the Knowledge of the Moment and the knowledge of the Appearance Time- to the Almighty God. In the process of discussion we will also work on two different views on the Knowledge of the Imam of the Agea.s. about the Appearance Time, with a proving and rejecting approach on them. At first, we provide the reasons, proofs and documents of those who are pro the subject, and we will discuss and criticize them and second we provide the proofs, reasons and documents of those who are against and we will discuss and criticize them too and ultimately with a conclusion we will finish the article.
Keywords: the Appearance, the Rising, the Coming out, the Knowledge of the Moment, the Knowledge of the Appearance Time, the Appearance Time, Beda’