ترجمه خلاصه مقالات به زبان انگلیسی
The Superiority Proof and the Imam Of AgeM.A.H.H.A.
Ali Rabbani Golpaygani
he necessity for the existence of an Imam is a consensus in Islamic nation, in a way that the reasons in both logical and transmitted parts would approve it. From the view point of intellect, transmitted narrations and verses of the Holy Quran, the superiority in human perfection attributes and religious matters is one of the necessary conditions of an Imam, as it can be deduced from the sayings of the companions of the Prophet in choosing the caliph after the Prophet. On the other hand, the suitability for Islam for being an international and eternal religion is because of its justice and reality in both ideological beliefs and practices in Islamic view and among its nation.
For the fulfillment of superiority in one Particular Person, one needs to be Infallible, otherwise his virtues will be comparative and because the other sects in Islam do not believe in existence of such an Imam, expect Shi’a, there will not be such personality among them, and also among Shi’a only the Twelvers are right and this figure can be any one else except the Imam Al-Hojjat Al-Hassan Al-AsgariM.A.H.H.A..
Keywords: The necessity of Imamat, The Imam of the AgeM.A.H.H.A, The superiority of an Imam, The attributes of perfection, Infallibility, Islamic nation
The Role of Future Searchers
in Forming Islamic Future Searching
Mohammad Rahim Ayvazi, Abdulrrahim Pedram
his paper tends to define the role of future researchers in forming “Islamic future searching”. In this paper, first we provide the importance and high position of future researchers in the future searching process and after that, with taking into consideration the common characteristics and qualifications of future researchers, their role in forming Islamic future searching has been investigated.
Islamic future searching as a new version of the future searching is based on the values, views and Islamic advices. Islamic future searchers are one of the factors for planning Islamic future searching. Islamic future searchers in addition to having the common qualifications for future searchers should have other abilities and capabilities to be able to form Islamic future searching. These characteristics and qualifications have been introduced at the end of this paper and the differences between the Islamic future searchers and the secular ones have been given. At the end, it has been shown that Islamic future searching will not be formed without Islamic future searchers.
Keywords: Islamic future searching, Knowledge/technology of future searching, Domestic Looking, Characteristics of future researchers
A Re-presentation of the Teachings of the Promised Savior in Islam from the View Point of Razavi Thought
he history of Shi’a social life started with the society in time of the Prophet and finishes with the society that will be made in time of the Mahdavi Utopia. Getting involved in social activities and realities of the life has not stopped Shi’a to follow its goal for reaching the perfection of the Appearance Time. It is probable that for this very reason the infallible ImamsA.S. have always tried to water Mahdavi teachings with strong narrations and new ideas.
This paper attempts to recognize Mahdavi doctrine and its dimensions with a descriptive and analyzing method from the view point of Imam RezaA.S.. The paper supposes that the Mahdavi thought is the final perfection and is the significant future of the world and the finial perfection for the human history that has some identical characteristics and features from Imam Reza’sA.S.point of view and works on Mahdavi semantics in Islam. Considering Razavi models in defining Mahdavi teachings is a starting point that the writer chooses for giving a clear image of the discussion.
In continue, the writer also mentions the characteristics and special features of Mahdaviyyat from Imam Reza’sA.S. point of view. Among what the writer has found in relation to what has been said are universality of Mahdavi thought, connections between Waiting and Mahdaviyyat and the presence of the Promised Savior and the strong connection between Mahdaviyyat and the future-looking.
Whatever, the present paper gives this hope to its willing readers that the field of investigation and researching in Mahdavi fruitful scope is still looking for the honest researchers that try their best to re-present this mysterious and tricky way.
Keywords: The Savior, The Promised, Mahdi, Mahdaviyyat, Razavi thought, Imam RezaA.S.
A Review on Position of the Elites and Special Figures in Guiding Shi’a Society in Razavi and Occultation Period
Zahra GhasemNejad, Mohammadreza Sotodehniya, Nasrollah Shameli
he “Elites” and “Special figures” are those with knowledge, information, vision together with the power of deducing and conclusion who help the leader of the society to progress his aim and goals. One of the most important Shi’a elites responsibilities is to guide the society toward the pure Islam. Elites and special figures of the society with taking benefits from virtue, knowledge, vision and information will guide the Shi’a society and immunize the society from going astray.
This research tries to answer the question that who the elites of the society were in time of Imam RezaA.S.? What was their position in the society? And what was their role in guiding Shi’a society at that time?
The answer to this question will help the writer to have a better investigation and analyzing of the role and position of the elites and special figures in Shi’a society in Occultation Period.
The result of the research approves that the elites in Razavi time with their presence in religious, scientific, political, cultural and economical fields guided the Shi’a society and helped the Imam to achieve his goals. The most important characteristic of the elites and special figures in all fields was their piety and vision that stopped them from shaking in difficulties and helped them to guide people toward perfection and growth.
Therefore, in Occultation Period, the elites should be active in different fields, taking benefits from piety, knowledge and vision and keep the society away from misguidance and going astray.
Keywords: Imam RezaA.S., Shi’a society, Special figures, Occultation Period, Razavi time, Elites
The position of human’s free will and endeavor in appearance phenomenon (A Reflection on the Last Two Parts of the Book
“The Secret of Stealthy and the Mystery of Visibility”)
Hassan Mollaei, Rahim Latifi
mong the books written on Mahdavi Knowledge is the one called “The Secret of Stealthy and the Mystery of Visibility”. The writer in the second and third part of the book, with providing discussions about the theoretical and fundamental views on people’s duties for the Savior’s Rising has given some misguidance for some of the readers and therefore brought some narrow looking on the duties of the waiting people during the Time of Occultation. In this paper, the claims of the writer on this topic has been investigated and criticized.
Keywords: Hazrat-e MahdiM.A.H.H.A., Mahdaviyyat Damages, Paving the ground for the Appearance, The Secret of Stealthy and the Mystery of Visibility
The Role of Divine Proofs in Human’s Salvation
(with Emphasizing on the Ahlul-Bayt’sA.S. Role)
Mohammad Kazemi, Mahdi Yussefian
he main aim of this paper is to define the role of divine proofs in taking humans toward the felicity and salvation. This has been done by taking benefits from the verses of the Holy Quran and narrations. Of course we will emphasize more on the Ahlul-BaytA.S. for this goal because they are the right and real examples as divine proofs. Human beings for reaching the felicity and salvation need various things. There are four important elements and axes for the life with felicity and salvation that divine proofs (Imams) will cover a great deal of them. These elements are as follows: 1- the existence of a mediator between human beings and the Lord, 2- answering to the scientific and the religious questions, 3- the necessity for practicing and reforming and 4- the necessity for the existence of a perfect symbol for the life with felicity, and in particular bringing the servitude of human in worshiping God into reality that is the real goal of the creation. Receiving benefits from the Last proof has not been cut, though his Excellency is in Occultation Period. This receiving will reach to its highest at the Time of Appearance. This identical role of the divine proofs in guidance and felicity of the humans has caused some permanent relationships between humans and them in different religious teachings and values.
Keywords: Divine Proofs, Ahlul-BaytA.S., Mediator, Knowledge, Practice of the religion, Perfect symbol, The Last Proof
Names and Surnames for His Excellency MahdiM.A.H.H.A
in Islamic Mysticism
n the Islamic mysticism anthropology, human is the highest and outstanding among creations, and the essence of all humans is the Perfect One, because he has all divine attributes and is the Manifestation of God. Therefore, the Perfect Human is the Caliph of God on the earth and the world cannot be without his existence. ProphetsP.B.U.T and GuardiansA.S. are the right examples as Perfect Humans and the highest and most perfect among all, is the last prophet of God and after the Prophet of Islam, ImamsA.S. and his HouseholdA.S. are the clearest examples of Perfect Humans. The Perfect Human in all times is the guide and trainer of the wayfarers and travelers to God.
In the Islamic mysticism different names, surnames, titles, characteristics and attributes are given to the Perfect Human, that all are so close in concept and examples to one another. Among those are, Caliph, Imam, Spiritual Axes, Pole, Guider, Mahdi and the Savior. Now this is questionable that what kind of relationships can be found between the characteristics and attributes mentioned for the Perfect Human and the twelfth Imam Al-Mahdi in Shi’a from meaning and implication point of view?
In the brief research work done on the topic, it seems that words and attributes given for the Perfect Human in the Islamic mysticism are synonyms to what are given for “Mahdaviyyat in Shi’a” that are mention either directly or symbolically in Islamic texts. In this paper, we have paid attention to the manifestation of the Perfect Human and the Imam of the AgeM.A.H.H.A in Shi’a in the mirror of Shi’a Islamic mysticism.
Keywords: MahdiM.A.H.H.A. , The Perfect Human, The Imam of the AgeM.A.H.H.A, The Last Imam, Caliph, Islamic mysticism